Overview of Peru's Government

By Sriya Krishnan

As declared by their 1993 constitution, the government of Peru is run by a five year term, with the president elected by popular vote. The president serves as the chief of state and head of government. During his or her term, the president selects a Council of Ministers. The president is helped by the president of the Council of Ministers, along with two popularly voted for vice presidents. The Congress of the Republic is the legislative body, and its members are also popularly elected to five year terms. The country is divided into 25 regions. Each region’s local government is separated into provinces, distracts and smaller population centres. The Supreme Court of Peru holds the right to make legal decisions for the entire country and are appointed by the National Council of the Magistracy. There is a Constitutional Court as well which reviews cases in which the constitutionality of a law is challenged. Members of the Constitutional Court are voted for by congress and serve for five years. In order to vote in Peru, a citizen must be between the ages of 18-70. There are many political parties, ranging from left wing socialists to right wing conservatives. Many different voices and opinions are heard in the government. In order to ensure men did not make up for the entirety of the government, a law was passed in 2003 requiring that at least 30% of government officials running are women.

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